23 October 1944

23 October 1944

23 October 1944

October 1944

> November


Start of the battle of Leyte Gulf

Eastern Front

Soviet troops enter East Prussia


South Africa troops in the 5th Army capture the summit of Mt. Salvaro

23 October 1944 - History

On 18.December.1943, Saturday, your father has produced the semen that will be half of you soon.

He produced 1000 sperms every second of his life and you will be lucky one out of 500 million sperm he sent on their way in the conceivement. You may find interesting to know that if he had drunk (or not drunk) coffee on this Saturday morning, you might be born completely as someone else (for instance in the opposite sex) as Caffeine changes the speed of male sperms.

2.January.1944, Sunday (Your birthday -295 days):

Today your mother had her last menstrual cycle and started building up the egg, that will be the other half of you.

After today, she will not have this cycle again for a very long time (thanks to you!). She spent Sunday as moody, anxious, short-tempered and you should be glad, you were not around her that day!

17.January.1944, Monday (Your birthday -280 days):

Your mother's egg is ready to build the other half of you and your father and your mother got together to make you.

But there is still no "you" around so don't get excited much. It can take several hours for your father's sperm to reach your mother's egg and now it is just on its way out.

18.January.1944, Tuesday (Your birthday -279 days):

Out of 500 million sperm on their way to your mother's egg, the sperm which built you has won the race by coming first and the sperm and the egg is became one to make your very first cell. Do you see how lucky your half (the sperm) be by winning coming up first among 500 million other rivals? Never tell you are not lucky anymore!

We can call Tuesday, 18.January.1944 as your "first day alive" because this is when you are a living entity, an embryo, congratulations! Although you are just a 1 cell creature today your unique DNA is also formed so your future destiny like your sex, height, physical apperance, intelligence, characteristic and vulnability to certain dissesases is already been determined.

1.February.1944, Tuesday (Your birthday -265 days):

8.February.1944, Tuesday (Your birthday -258 days):

Today your mother is telling your father about her pregrancy and he is celebrating to be a daddy!

Day 8.February.1944, Tuesday is also important in that, your heart has pumped for the first time today. We don't know if it is a coincedence that your father learned about you in the very day, your heart first pumped!

24.April.1944, Monday (Your birthday -182 days):

Your parents could have lawfully got an abortion until 24.April.1944, Monday so this is also an important day of your life. Today they decided you should live!

23 October 1944 - History

Today in 1944, the Battle of Leyte Gulf began when two US submarines located and attacked part of the Japanese force that was hoping to disrupt the allied landing on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Over the next four days, the battle would become the largest at-sea confrontation in the history of man. It would see the last shots fired between battleships of opposing fleets and would introduce the world to the suicide planes known as kamikazes.

The Battle of Leyte Gulf occurred over thousands of square miles of ocean and many volumes have been written in which the actions of the ships involved are examined in minute detail. To give you an accurate description of the battle would take more time than you likely want to invest here, so we’ll concentrate on the order of battle and the aftermath of the fight.

By October, 1944, Japan was in desperate straits. Her home islands were being bombed almost daily by US B-29s. Her strategic oil reserves were all but depleted with little hope of breaking the stranglehold placed on the island nation by allied submarines. And while she still controlled large parts of mainland China, Formosa and the Philippines, most of the islands that the Japanese military considered essential for a strong homeland defense had been conquered. Her only hope was to draw out most of the US Pacific Fleet and defeat it in a giant battle, a battle that had been long hoped for but that had not materialized. It was hoped that the landings on Luzon would present just such an opportunity.

The Japanese headed for the Philippines with all the naval might they could still muster: 4 aircraft carriers, 9 battleships, 19 cruisers, 34 destroyers and about 200 planes. The allied naval force, comprised of American and Australian vessels, contained 17 aircraft carriers, 18 escort carriers, 12 battleships (including six that had been raised from the mud of Pearl Harbor), 24 cruisers, 141 destroyers, dozens of PT boats and submarines and about 1,700 aircraft.

At first glance, it would seem that an allied victory was all but assured by their overwhelming superiority. However, the US Navy had never undertaken an operation this large and it showed: communication during the far-flung battle was terrible at best. In fact, a misunderstanding concerning the location of a task force nearly allowed the decimation of a group of American escort carriers. Only the brave actions of a few destroyer captains and their crews saved the day. But in order to achieve victory, the Japanese would’ve needed a miracle and they seemed to be in short supply.

When the smoke cleared, the Japanese had lost 10,000 men, all four of their aircraft carriers, 3 battleships, 6 cruisers and 12 destroyers. The American and Australian navies lost 3,500 men, 1 carrier, 1 cruiser, 2 escort carriers and 3 destroyers. But the battle was even more decisive than the numbers would suggest. Other than kamikaze attacks, this was the last major Japanese naval offensive of the war. With most of the Imperial Navy destroyed, the US Navy submarine fleet was now able to maintain a complete blockade of the home islands. Even though the war in the Pacific would rage for almost another year, the die had been cast.

November 24th, 1944 is a Friday. It is the 329th day of the year, and in the 47th week of the year (assuming each week starts on a Monday), or the 4th quarter of the year. There are 30 days in this month. 1944 is a leap year, so there are 366 days in this year. The short form for this date used in the United States is 11/24/1944, and almost everywhere else in the world it's 24/11/1944.

This site provides an online date calculator to help you find the difference in the number of days between any two calendar dates. Simply enter the start and end date to calculate the duration of any event. You can also use this tool to determine how many days have passed since your birthday, or measure the amount of time until your baby's due date. The calculations use the Gregorian calendar, which was created in 1582 and later adopted in 1752 by Britain and the eastern part of what is now the United States. For best results, use dates after 1752 or verify any data if you are doing genealogy research. Historical calendars have many variations, including the ancient Roman calendar and the Julian calendar. Leap years are used to match the calendar year with the astronomical year. If you're trying to figure out the date that occurs in X days from today, switch to the Days From Now calculator instead.

Lt Neumeyer (GD) at Krottingen, 23rd October 1944

Post by Aragorn1963 » 06 Sep 2014, 08:38

I'm currently working on a scenario for a wargame on the action of Leutnant Neumeyer of the Grossdeutschland division in Lithuania, on the 23rd of October 1944. Neumeyer supported an attack East of the city of Krottingen with three Panthers. The main force existed of elements of recon units of the GD. Neumeyer won his KC on this day.

It is very hard to find information about this small scaled battle. Can anyone perhaps tell me more about it, or tell me where more information can be found?

Re: Lt Neumeyer (GD) at Krottingen, 23rd October 1944

Post by Maverick57 » 06 Sep 2014, 14:55

Otherwise you could do a tracing request:

The WaSt = Wehrmachtauskunftsstelle. Propably you get a copy of the personal record of him. There should be a short description for the KC sugguest. Or you can ask the german archive of military:

Re: Lt Neumeyer (GD) at Krottingen, 23rd October 1944

Post by Aragorn1963 » 06 Sep 2014, 15:15

Yes, I found the picture. Thank you. Not sure whether the links can be of use. The information I'm looking for is more related to the tactical situation, composition of the Kampfgruppe and the battle itself. But thank you nevertheless for your kindness to reply.

On this day, October 23-25, 1944: The Battle Of Leyte Gulf begins

Today in History, October 23-25, 1944 – The Battle Of Leyte Gulf Began, The Largest Navel Battle In History –

This year marks the 71st Anniversary of the Battle of Leyte Gulf – the largest naval battle in the Pacific.

The battle ranged over 100,000 square miles of sea over three days as Allied forces returned to liberate Leyte.

The Japanese had been losing ground beginning at the Battle of Midway in June, 1942. Only by the Battle of the Philippines Sea in June, 1944, did the Japanese realise they were in grave danger of losing the battle of the Pacific.

In October 17th, 1944 the Japanese detected a large fleet of Allied forces heading directly towards Leyte. The Japanese reacted by bringing their three Naval forces together in the Philippines to stop the landing of the Americans.

With the help of 3,500 Filipino guerillas, the Americans landed in Leyte on October 20 – three days later the Imperial Japanese and Allied Navy met in battle at Leyte Gulf.

Here the Japanese took desperate measures – they deployed their first ‘organised’ kamikaze suicide unit in Mabalacat, Pampanga. They also deployed the remaining capital ships in a last ditch effort to take victory from their desperate attempt not to fall in defeat.

Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 1944, Loss of USS Princeton (CVL-23), 24 October 1944

At daybreak on 24 October 1944, as Japanese Navy forces were approaching the Philippines from the north and west, Rear Admiral Frederick C. Sherman's Task Group 38.3 was operating about more than a hundred miles east of central Luzon. With other elements of Admiral William F. Halsey's Third Fleet, TG38.3 had spent the last several days pounding enemy targets ashore in support of the Leyte invasion operation. This morning Sherman's four carriers, Essex, Lexington, Princeton and Langley, had sent off fighters for self-protection and other planes on search missions. Still more aircraft were on deck, ready for attack missions.

Though the Japanese had sent out many aircraft to strike the Third Fleet, most were shot down or driven away. However one "Judy" dive bomber escaped notice and, at 0938, planted a 250 kilogram bomb on Princeton's flight deck, somewhat aft of amidships. It exploded in the crew's galley after passing through the hangar, in which were parked six TBM bombers, each with full gasoline tanks and a torpedo. In its passage, the bomb struck one of these planes, which was almost immediately ablaze. For some reason, the carrier's firefighting sprinklers did not activate and the the entire hangar space was quickly engulfed, while smoke penetrated compartments below. Princeton was still underway, but at 1002 a heavy explosion rocked the after part of the hangar. This blast was followed by three more, which heaved up the flight deck, blew out both aircraft elevators and quickly made much of the ship uninhabitable.

With all but emergency generator power gone, and much of her crew abandoning ship, Princeton now depended on the light cruisers Birmingham and Reno, plus the destroyers Irwin (DD-794) and Morrison (DD-560), to help fight her fires. While alongside, Morrison's superstructure was seriously damage when she became entangled in Princeton's projecting structures. After more than three hours' work, with the remaining fires almost under control, a report of approaching enemy forces forced the other ships to pull away. By the time they returned Princeton was again burning vigorously, heating a bomb storage space near her after hangar. At 1523, as Birmingham came alongside, these bombs detonated violently, blowing off the carrier's stern, showering the cruiser's topsides with fragments, and killing hundreds of men. There was now no hope that Princeton could be saved. Her remaining crewmen were taken off and Irwin attempted to scuttle her with torpedoes and gunfire, but with no success. Finally, Reno was called in to finish the job. One of her torpedoes hit near the burning ship's forward bomb magazine and USS Princeton disappeared in a tremendous explosion.

Princeton was the first U.S. fleet carrier sunk in more than two years, and the last lost during the Pacific War. However, her ordeal by fire would be repeated several times during the six months, as the U.S. Navy closed in on an increasingly desperate Japan.

On a day like today. 1314: The Scots, under Robert the Bruce, defeat Edward IIs army at Bannockburn.

1667: The Peace of Breda ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War as the Dutch cede New Amsterdam to the English.

1862: Union and Confederate forces skirmish at the battle of Chickahominy Creek.

1863: In the second day of fighting, Confederate troops fails to dislodge a Union force at the Battle of LaFourche Crossing.

1864: Union General Ulysses S. Grant stretches his lines further around Petersburg, Virginia, accompanied by his commander-in-chief, Abraham Lincoln.

1900: General Arthur MacArthur offers amnesty to Filipinos rebelling against American rule.

1915: Germany uses poison gas for the first time in warfare in the Argonne Forest.

1919: Germans scuttle their own fleet at Scapa Flow, Scotland.

1942: The Allies surrender at Tobruk, Libya.

1945: Japanese forces on Okinawa surrender to American troops.

Today in History: October 25

An English army under Henry V defeats the French at Agincourt, France. The French had out numbered Henry's troops 60,000 to 12,000 but British longbows turned the tide of the battle.

George III of England crowned.

During the Crimean War, a brigade of British light infantry is destroyed by Russian artillery as they charge down a narrow corridor in full view of the Russians.

German pilot Rudolf von Eschwege shoots down his first enemy plane, a Nieuport 12 of the Royal Naval Air Service over Bulgaria.

The Teapot Dome scandal comes to public attention as Senator Thomas J. Walsh of Montana, subcommittee chairman, reveals the findings of the past 18 months of investigation. His case will result in the conviction of Harry F. Sinclair of Mammoth Oil, and later Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall, the first cabinet member in American history to go to jail. The scandal, named for the Teapot Dome oil reserves in Wyoming, involved Fall secretly leasing naval oil reserve lands to private companies.

German troops capture Kharkov and launch a new drive toward Moscow.

The Japanese are defeated in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the world's largest sea engagement. From this point on, the depleted Japanese Navy increasingly resorts to the suicidal attacks of Kamikaze fighters.

Chinese Communist Forces launch their first-phase offensive across the Yalu River into North Korea.

In a general election, England's Labour Party loses to Conservatives. Winston Churchill becomes prime minister, and Anthony Eden becomes foreign secretary.

23 October 1944 - History

Wednesday, October 18, 1944:
48 hour pass to London.

Saturday, October 21, 1944:
Moore made an emergency landing while leading our practice mission. Overshot runway. Saw accident from air. Ship destroyed. Fire believed to have started in the top turret.

Sunday, October 22, 1944:
Group flew 100th mission. Did not participate.

Monday, October 23, 1944:
Baruso, Moore’s Co-Pilot, died today of injuries received in Saturday’s crash. Very good friend of Spangler's went through cadets together.

Between the Lines

The first six bytes of a DWG file identify its version. In a DXF file, the AutoCAD version number is specified in the header section. The DXF system variable is $ACADVER.

AC1032 AutoCAD 2018/2019/2020
AC1027 AutoCAD 2013/2014/2015/2016/2017
AC1024 AutoCAD 2010/2011/2012
AC1021 AutoCAD 2007/2008/2009
AC1018 AutoCAD 2004/2005/2006
AC1015 AutoCAD 2000/2000i/2002
AC1014 Release 14
AC1012 Release 13
AC1009 Release 11/12
AC1006 Release 10
AC1004 Release 9
AC1003 Version 2.60
AC1002 Version 2.50
AC1001 Version 2.22
AC2.22 Version 2.22
AC2.21 Version 2.21
AC2.10 Version 2.10
AC1.50 Version 2.05
AC1.40 Version 1.40
AC1.2 Version 1.2
MC0.0 Version 1.0

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AutoCAD for Mac Releases:

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The first six bytes of a DWG file identify its version. In a DXF file, the AutoCAD version number is specified in the header section. The DXF system variable is $ACADVER.

AC1032 AutoCAD 2018/2019/2020
AC1027 AutoCAD 2013/2014/2015/2016/2017
AC1024 AutoCAD 2010/2011/2012
AC1021 AutoCAD 2007/2008/2009
AC1018 AutoCAD 2004/2005/2006
AC1015 AutoCAD 2000/2000i/2002
AC1014 Release 14
AC1012 Release 13
AC1009 Release 11/12
AC1006 Release 10
AC1004 Release 9
AC1003 Version 2.60
AC1002 Version 2.50
AC1001 Version 2.22
AC2.22 Version 2.22
AC2.21 Version 2.21
AC2.10 Version 2.10
AC1.50 Version 2.05
AC1.40 Version 1.40
AC1.2 Version 1.2
MC0.0 Version 1.0

Autodesk and AutoCAD History Image Gallery


In the United States, The Ritz-Carlton Investing Company was established by Albert Keller who bought and franchised the name. In the early 1900s, several hotels were known as The Ritz-Carlton, in places such as Boston, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Atlantic City and Boca Raton. However, by 1940 none of the hotels were operating except The Ritz-Carlton, Boston. The hotel embodies the finest luxury experience, Yankee ingenuity and Boston social sensibilities. The standards of service, dining and facilities of this Boston landmark served as a benchmark for all future Ritz-Carlton hotels and resorts worldwide.

The Ritz-Carlton, Boston revolutionized hospitality in America by creating luxury in a hotel setting:

  • Private bath in each guest room
  • Lighter fabrics in the guest room to allow for more thorough washing
  • White tie and apron uniforms for the waitstaff, black tie for the Maître d’ and morning suits for all other staff, conducive to a formal, professional appearance
  • Extensive fresh flowers throughout the public areas
  • A la carte dining, providing choices for diners
  • Gourmet cuisine, utilizing the genius and cooking methods of Auguste Escoffier
  • Intimate, smaller lobbies for a more personalized guest experience

In 1983, The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company, LLC was formed. Led by president and founding father, Colgate Holmes, alongside Horst Schulze, Joe Freni, Ed Staros and Herve Humler, the company began to expand, adding new properties across the United States. Within two years, the brand had opened five hotels, including The Ritz-Carlton, Buckhead, The Ritz-Carlton, Atlanta, The Ritz-Carlton, Laguna Niguel and The Ritz-Carlton, Naples. This rapid expansion continued, and by the close of 1992, The Ritz-Carlton had expanded to 23 exceptional luxury hotels, earning its first Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award. The following year, they opened their first hotel in Asia, The Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong.

In 1998, the success of The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company had attracted the attention of the hospitality industry, and the brand was purchased by Marriott International. Since this purchase, The Ritz-Carlton has continued to grow, providing exceptional service and genuine care to their guests across the globe. In 2000, The Ritz-Carlton Residences opened their first property in Washington, D.C., followed by their first Destination Club property, Aspen Highlands, Colorado in 2001. In addition to dozens of new hotels around the globe, in 2008 the company opened the first Ritz-Carlton Reserve property, offering a private sanctuary experience in Phulay Bay, Krabi, Thailand.

Today, the company continues to grow and to inspire life’s most meaningful journeys in the most desirable destinations on earth.


Elegance, refinement and noble bearing.

"The lion and crown Ritz-Carlton logo is a combination of the British royal seal (the crown) and the logo of a financial backer (the lion). This logo was created by Cesar Ritz. In 1965, Cabot, Cabot and Forbes (owners of the Boston hotel starting in 1964 after complex negotiations with the heirs of the Wyner Estate) decided that the logo of the Boston hotel dating back to 1927* was “not sufficiently noble.” They revised the logo to what is utilized today. It is interesting to note that The Ritz-Carlton hotels in Atlantic City and New York had similar logos on their hotels in the late ’20s. While in Europe at this same time, The Ritz London logo consisted of a lion and The Ritz Paris logo contained a crown.

*In 1927 when The Ritz-Carlton, Boston opened, it had obtained permission to use the name from The Carlton Investing Company of New York, which was licensed by The Ritz Hotels Development Company, Ltd. of London, England.”