Nutmeg AN-33 - History

Nutmeg AN-33 - History

(AN-33: dp. 560; 1. 163'3"; b. 30'6"; dr. 11'9"; s. 13 k., cpl. 48; a. 1 3"; cl. Aloe)

Nutmeg (YN-28), formerly Sycamore, was laid down 18 October 1940 bv American Shipbuilding Co., Cleveland, Ohio Launched 13 March 1941; placed in service 30 October. Allocated to the 1st Naval District for net tending duty in the Boston Harbor area she was Reclassified AN-33 on 20 June 1944.

Through the spring of 1945 Nutmep was engaged in maintaining and reDairing net defenses in Boston Harbor. In May she was attached to CTF 24 for the purpose of maintaining the antitorpedo net in Placentia Harbor, Argentia, Newfoundland. She departed Argentia 19 June with YNG-27 in tow, arriving 23 June at South Boston Navy Yard for overhaul and repairs.

Nutmeg had been scheduled for duty at Pearl Harbor when she departed Boston 21 July for transit to the West Coast via Key West, the Canal Zone, and San Pedro, Calif. Voyage repairs and a main engine casualty necessitated a ehanBe in schedule, and with hostilities ended Nutmep was placed on the inactive list and shifted to the Columbia River Reserve Basin. Placed out of commission, in reserve in January 1947 she was transferred to the National Defense Reserve Fleet in 1959 and was struck from the Navy List 1 September 1962. She remains in the NDRF into 1970.

The History of Nutmeg

The holidays are upon us and that means cooks are busy in their kitchens creating all sorts of wonderful goodies. We love the smells of this time of year, however most of us have no clue about the history of our favorite spices.

The spice we know as nutmeg is the seed from the Myristica fragrans tree. Native to the Moluccas, also known as the Spice Islands of Indonesia, it has an interesting history and not all of it was as warm and fuzzy as pumpkin spice.

Nutmeg's history isn't as sweet as it tastes

Nutmeg is native to a group of islands in Indonesia called the Moluccas or Malukus. They are also known as the Spice Islands because they were the original source for nutmeg and mace. Spices were important long before the 16 th and 17 th Centuries when Europe got into the spice trade, however the commodities were carefully controlled by Middle Eastern and North African traders who guarded their sources carefully and became fabulously wealthy in the meantime. They even dipped their nutmegs in lime to prevent germination so that their customers couldn't sprout their own trees. When sailing ships improved and long range sea travel was safer, Europe got into the spice trade and it was a time of great explorations and discoveries. Ships bringing exotic goods and flavors from far away carefully guarded the secrets of where they obtained their merchandise. Europe clamored for these delicacies and trading companies grew quite wealthy, marking up the items as much as 60,000%. Finding new routes and faster turn arounds even contributed to the discovery of the Americas when Columbus set out to the west to reach the Far East. Wars were fought over spices and governments rose and fell with the fortunes won and lost. Spices were worth as much as gold and land was even purchased with something as simple as a hand full of peppercorns and a pound of nutmeg was worth seven fattened oxen. In fact, to end a war and hostilities between the two countries, the Dutch traded the insignificant colony of New Amsterdam on the island of Manhattan to the British for a nutmeg-rich island in called Run in Indonesia. Spice was king and Europe was its subject.

Historical uses and nutmeg lore

One of the reasons that spices were in such demand is that things just didn't smell very good. No refrigeration meant that meats often developed unpleasant odors before they were cooked and personal hygiene wasn't a high priority. It was even believed that bathing frequently could attract evil spirits or the plague. Nutmeg is anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial, so it was used as a preservative and the powder was sprinkled on wounds was to prevent infection, however it wasn't powerful enough to be very effective. The warm and pleasing odors of spices like nutmeg, cloves and cinnamon were strong enough to mask just about any stench, so ladies carried pomanders that contained spices and most meat was prepared using them. Towns even burned nutmeg and cinnamon in the streets to cover up odors when royalty was scheduled to visit. Most towns had an odor problem because instead of a sewer system, chamberpots were simply dumped in the street. Nutmeg was also considered a potent charm. Sprinkle some in a woman's shoe and she will fall in love with you. Carrying a nutmeg in your pocket wrapped in a green cloth assured the bearer an advantage at the gambling tables or games of chance. Nutmeg wrapped in a purple cloth would give the person success when faced with legal matters. Some people still carry a nutmeg in their pockets for good luck.

Nutmeg uses today

Today, we mainly use nutmeg in baked goods and sweet drinks, however in days past, it was considered a spice for savory cooking. Many meats and stews had nutmeg added and it is still used in India and Indonesia in this manner. Nutmeg is also used in milk-based sauces, some pastas and vegetables like spinach and winter squash. My mother likes to put it in home made tomato soup, which is delicious, by the way. However most cooks will agree that modern uses tend toward the sweet instead of the savory. Nutmeg is sold in powdered form or in the individual nutmeg kernels where a fine rasp is used to make the powder.

Growing nutmeg

The monopoly on the nutmeg islands was finally broken and it grows in many places around the world. India and Sri Lanka both grow nutmeg and it is also grown in Grenada in the Americas. It thrives in tropical climates with high humidity or the equivalent of USDA Zones 10 and 11. The trees are dioecious, meaning that there are distinct male and female trees. One male tree can fertilize several females. It takes about eight years for the trees to reach maturity and start to bear fruit, so many growers use grafted trees so that they can control the genders of their trees. They have glossy, evergreen leaves and can grow up to sixty feet tall. The nutmeg fruits yield three different types of foods or flavorings. The fleshy fruit is often candied or pickled, the pericarp of the seed (which is a covering around the seed) produces mace which has a similar flavor to the seed, however it is just a bit milder. The seed itself is dried over about eight weeks before it is usable as the ground spice. Essential oil is also pressed from the seed. Nutmeg's history is long and interesting, so this season as you enjoy eggnog, pumpkin pie and spiced coffee, remember nutmeg's journey and impact on civilization.

How Nutmeg and Mace Grow

The nutmeg tree is evergreen, with oblong egg-shaped leaves and small, bell-like light yellow flowers that give off a distinct aroma when in bloom. The fruit is light yellow with red and green markings, resembling an apricot or a large plum. As the fruit matures, the outer fleshy covering (which is candied or pickled as snacks in Malaysia) bursts to reveal the seed. The seed is covered with red membranes called an aril, which is the mace portion of the nutmeg. The seed is then dried for up to 2 months until the inner nut rattles inside the shell. The shell is then removed to reveal the valuable egg-shaped edible nutmeg. (Second-rate nuts are pressed for the oil, which is used in perfumes and in the food industry.)

Ancient Egypt

A summary of ancient Egyptian medical practices, the Ebers Papryus (1500 BC), cited medical treatments consisting of caraway, coriander, fennel, garlic, mint, onion, peppermint, poppy, and onion (4). Onion and garlic were of particular importance. Laborers who constructed the Great Pyramid of Cheops consumed onion and garlic to promote health as well as stamina and garlic cloves were found in the tomb of King Tutankhamen. Some ancient Egyptians even placed wooden figures of garlic cloves in their tombs to ensure a tasty and wholesome afterlife. The Egyptians also enjoyed flavoring their food with cardamom and cinnamon which they sourced from Ethiopia (3).

Nutty and slightly sweet, nutmeg is an intense spice that has a strong and distinct aroma. For those who are more sensitive to heat, nutmeg might seem almost spicy.

Nutmeg has a long culinary history and can be part of both sweet and savory dishes. It can be used whole and grated directly into a recipe or measured or shaken from a canister of pre-ground nutmeg. To use whole nutmeg, you will need a microplane or nutmeg grater to shave off a small portion of the seed. When including nutmeg, make sure not to use a heavy hand, as this intense spice can easily overpower the flavors of a dish.

Nutmeg is also an ingredient in different spice blends, such as pumpkin pie spice, ras el hanout, and garam masala. It is also sprinkled over a variety of hot beverages like cappuccino and eggnog for added flavor and garnish.

یواس‌اس ناتمگ (ای‌ان-۳۳)

یواس‌اس ناتمگ (ای‌ان-۳۳) (به انگلیسی: USS Nutmeg (AN-33) ) یک کشتی بود که طول آن ۱۶۳' ۲" بود. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۴۱ ساخته شد.

یواس‌اس ناتمگ (ای‌ان-۳۳)
آغاز کار: ۱۳ مارس ۱۹۴۱
مشخصات اصلی
گنجایش: 560 tons
وزن: 805 tons
درازا: ۱۶۳' ۲"
پهنا: ۳۰' ۶"
آبخور: ۱۱' ۸"
سرعت: 12.5 knots

این یک مقالهٔ خرد کشتی یا قایق است. می‌توانید با گسترش آن به ویکی‌پدیا کمک کنید.

Hazards Associated with the Use of Herbal and Other Natural Products∗

Elizabeth A. Hausner DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABT , Robert H. Poppenga DVM, PhD, DABVT , in Small Animal Toxicology (Third Edition) , 2013

Nutmeg and Mace

Nutmeg is derived from the seed of Myristica fragrans, and the spice, mace, is derived from the seed coat. Current uses of the plant include the treatment of gastrointestinal disturbances, such as cramps, flatulence, and diarrhea. It has been investigated as an antidiarrheal medication in calves. 33 It has potential anticancer and biocidal activities. The toxicity of nutmeg is uncertain, although case reports suggest that if ingested doses are sufficient, acute toxicity can occur. Two tablespoons of ground nutmeg, one to three whole nutmegs, or 5 g of powdered nutmeg may cause clinical signs of hallucinations, nausea, and severe emesis. The German Commission E lists the plant as an unapproved herb, and the AHPA suggests that it only be used under the supervision of an individual knowledgeable about its potential effects.

John Holt

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Nutmeg State Financial Credit Union (NSFCU) is a member-owned, not-for-profit financial cooperative headquartered in Rocky Hill, Connecticut. We practice the philosophy of returning profits to our members in the form of excellent rates, programs, services and more. Since its founding in 1936, NSFCU has become one of the most prominent and innovative credit unions in the United States. As we continue to grow, we will stand by our mission to revolutionize the banking industry with technology while also providing an exceptional member experience.

Your savings are federally insured to at least $250,000 and backed by the full faith and credit of the United States Government.

Nutmeg Personal Pension

A personal pension is another tax-efficient investment that you would do well to avail of before investing in the market through a general investment account.

Each pension is designed by Nutmeg’s investment team, and different portfolios cater to your chosen investment style and needs.

As with the ISA, you have the option to choose between four investment portfolios:

The same rules generally apply to the pension Fixed Allocation portfolio and Fully Managed portfolios as they do to the versions held under the ISA.

The Fixed Allocation portfolio offers a diverse investment with a range of ETFs and caters to your risk level. Choosing a Fully Managed portfolio grants you access to a portfolio that’s looked after by Nutmeg’s investment team. The Socially Responsible portfolio gives you all those benefits plus an emphasis on socially responsible assets.

Nutmeg’s personal pension account differs from other robo advisors because the minimum investment is high considering its low-cost, low-maintenance position.

Nutmeg’s minimum investment to start a pension is £500, which knocks out the section of the market interested in starting their own pension for the first time. However, you may enjoy better rates compared to low-cost competitors. It’s worth comparing the rates of your preferred platforms to see whether it’s not worth saving the first £500 before opening an account.

Nutmeg’s Personal Pension product benefits from the same advantages as its Stocks & Shares ISA. The platform is easy to use, based on your personal goals and risk appetite. And you’ll get the benefit of a Fully Managed portfolio at a cost that’s far below what you would find at a full-service firm.

The things we did for Nutmeg

Nutmeg Grinder, Unknown Artist, British
Silver metalwork and cowrie shell
The Metropolitan Museum of Art 68.141.278

Spices were at the heart of World commerce in the 17th century. It could be argued that the Dutch republic built itself a golden age on the spice trade. At the height of their power, the Dutch had a monopoly on the world’s supply of nutmeg and mace as well as control over the vast majority of the the world’s access to cloves.

Part of the reason why the Dutch could maintain their nutmeg monopoly was because the nutmeg tree only grew on the Banda islands in Indonesia. Although efforts to cultivate the trees elsewhere generally proved futile, to protect their monopoly the Dutch would dip their nutmeg exports in lime. To further defend their monopoly, the Dutch maintained a heavy military presence on all of the Bandan isles. These stringent measures were enacted by the governor of the Dutch East Indies of the time, a man named Jan Pietersz Coen.

The seriousness with which Coen took the security around the Bandan isles was largely due to the fact that the Dutch were able to make a 7500% profit on each shipment of nutmegs. This was at least partly due to Coen’s especial ruthlessness. He coerced the headmen of tribes on each island to sign contracts that established the Dutch East Indies Company as the sole beneficiary of their Nutmeg harvests, ratcheting down the prices for their labor to be so low as to provoke widespread uprisings on the islands against his terms. Coen saw the uprisings as breach of contract and so declared war, eventually enslaving the native inhabitants of the islands to ensure steady production of nutmeg.

Although the Dutch had established their claim to the Banda Islands with an excessively blatant display of imperialism, in the eyes of the British, the westernmost Island in the archipelago, Pulo Run, was sovereign British territory. The Brits had reached the Bandas first in 1603 and had sent several subsequent, unsuccessful colonization attempts that had largely been thwarted by the Dutch.

Tensions over Pulo Run contributed to the outbreak of both Anglo-Dutch wars. Terms that required the return of Pulo Run to British ownership were expressly stated in the treaty of Whitehall of 1662 which marked the end of the first Anglo-Dutch war. Although the British attempted a return to claim the island, by the time they managed to launch an expedition, the second Anglo-Dutch war had begun and the Dutch once again prevented English occupation of the island. They had managed to keep their monopoly.

The treaty of Breda doesn’t expressly state the names of any territories. Britain and the United Netherlands (as Holland was then known) instead agreed that all territories that had been captured over the course of the war were to be be kept of by the captor. This was effectively a game of monopoly where the Dutch exchanged their colony of New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island in the American Northeast for the British territory on Suriname and the British claim to the Island of Pulo Run.

Such was the draw of the monopoly that Nutmeg offered. For the Dutch, Even though the entirety of their Nutmeg crop came from the the two main islands of Banda and Naira, they couldn’t allow the Brits the possibility of breaking their monopoly with the island of Pulo Run.

Davenport, F.G., and C.O. Paullin. “Treaty of Friendship between Great Britain and the United Netherlands Concluded at Whitehall September 4/14 1662.” In European Treaties Bearing on the History of the United States and Its Dependencies , 73–85. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication. Lawbook Exchange, 2004.

———. “Treaty of Peace and Alliance between the United Netherlands and Great Britain, Concluded at Breda, July 21/31, 1667.” In European Treaties Bearing on the History of the United States and Its Dependencies , 73–85. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication. Lawbook Exchange, 2004.

Donkin, R.A. Between East and West: The Moluccas and the Traffic in Spices Up to the Arrival of Europeans . Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society. American Philosophical Society, 2003.

Keay, J. The Spice Route: A History . John Murray, 2006.

Michael Krondl. “The Company Man.” In The Taste of Conquest The Rise and Fall of Three Great Cities of Spice . New York: Ballantine Books, 2008.

Milton, G. Nathaniel’s Nutmeg, Or, The True and Incredible Adventures of the Spice Trader Who Changed the Course of History . Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999.

Penny Le Couteur, Jay Burreson. “Peppers, Nutmeg, and Cloves.” In Napoleon’s Buttons How 17 Molecules Changed History , 19–35. New York: Penguin Putnam Inc., 2003.

Swart, Koenraad Walter. The Miracle of the Dutch Republic as Seen in the Seventeenth Century: An Inaugural Lecture Delivered at Univ. Coll. London, 6 Nov. 1967 . Lewis, 1969.

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