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The Gamble HouseThe Gamble House in Pasadena, California, Inspired by the Arts & Crafts Movement. Photo by Carol M. Highsmith/Buyenlarge Archive Photos/Getty Images (cropped)
Are American Craftsman houses all bungalows? The answer is historically complicated. In the early 1900s, many types of homes were inspired by the Arts and Crafts Movement in England and Scotland. English-born William Morris (1834-1896) advocated a return to craftsmanship, as a reaction to the Machine Age and mass production. The popular work of Scottish architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928) advanced interest in the basic style and its import to the U.S. Furniture maker Gustav Stickley popularized the style in America through his magazine The Craftsman (1901-1916). This photo gallery shows a variety of houses with Craftsman handiwork, many from the pages of Stickley's magazine, and some small enough (one story) to be called bungalows. For a tour of real Craftsman architecture, visit Stickley's Craftsman Farms in New Jersey.
In California, Greene and Greene were the promoters of Arts and Crafts design. The Gamble House in Pasadena, California is their best surviving work. Inside and out, it is a large and elegant version of Craftsman styling sometimes called Western Stick.
Two California brothers, Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene, used Arts and Crafts ideas when when they designed the Gamble house in Pasadena, California. The house has wide terraces, open sleeping porches, and custom-designed wooden cabinetry and furniture. The home was built in 1908 for David and Mary Gamble of the Procter and Gamble Company.
- Craftsman Architecture: Facts from our House Styles Picture Dictionary
- The Gamble House: Offical site
San Francisco Craftsman House
This lovely Craftsman House is located in Ingleside Terraces, a residential neighborhood in San Francisco, California.
Developed between 1911 and 1913, Ingleside Terraces has many older homes with Arts & Crafts details. Originally, this home was painted darker colors, but the current color scheme of cream and ruddy brown has been used for at least thirty years. Typical of Arts & Crafts architecture, the house features:
- Open floor plans; few hallways
- Numerous windows - The owner counts 40!
- Some windows with stained glass
- Beamed ceilings - In the dining room, the beams are made with redwood
- Dark wood wainscoting and moldings. In the dining room, the redwood wainscoting is seven feet high.
See views of this house as it appeared in 1912 >
See more historic houses in Ingleside Terraces >
To learn more about Craftsman architecture, see our House Styles dictionary >03of 15
Craftsman - Cobblestone WallsCraftsman House Pictures Some Craftsman houses have cobblestone foundations, porch posts, chimneys, and walls. Photo © Jackie Craven
Browse this gallery for photos of houses with Craftsman handiwork. To learn more about Craftsman architecture, see our House Styles dictionary.04of 15
VanLandigham EstateCraftsman House Pictures Built in 1913, the VanLandingham estate in Charlotte, North Carolina was designed to suggest a mountain retreat. Photo © ClipArt.com
Browse this gallery for photos of houses with Craftsman handiwork. To learn more about Craftsman architecture, see our House Styles dictionary.
Craftsman BungalowCraftsman House Pictures Thick round pillars support the low sloping roof of this Craftsman Bungalow. Photo © Jackie Craven
Browse this gallery for photos of houses with Craftsman handiwork. To learn more about Craftsman architecture, see our House Styles dictionary.06of 15
Stucco-sided BungalowCraftsman House Pictures Craftsman houses usually have triangular braces in the eaves. Photo © Jackie Craven
Brick and Shingle House
Craftsman Foursquare HouseCraftsman House Pictures Sided in stucco, this Foursquare house has elaborate Craftsman stickwork around the porch. Photo © Jackie Craven
Two-story Craftsman HouseCraftsman House Pictures Many Craftsman houses have thick, pyramid-shaped porch columns. The earthy green colors of this home suits the back-to-nature philosophy of Craftsman architecture. Photo © Jackie Craven
Craftsman CottageCraftsman House Pictures A large stone chimney is the dominant feature on this rose-colored bungalow. Photo ©Jackie Craven
Painted Craftsman HouseCraftsman House Pictures Although this Craftsman home is painted blue today, originally the wooden shingles were probably stained a dark, natural tone. Photo © Jackie Craven
Craftsman DetailsCraftsman House Pictures Craftsman houses often have thick, tapered porch posts, exposed roof rafters, and triangular brackets in the eaves. Originally this house was probably painted or stained darker colors. Photo © Jackie Craven
Classic Arts and Crafts HouseCraftsman House Pictures In this classic Craftsman style home, the exposed rafters in the porch roof are both decorative and structural. Photo © Jackie Craven
Craftsman Bungalow in IdahoCraftsman House Pictures Craftsman Bungalow in Pasadena, California. Photo by Fotosearch/Getty Images
The popularity of Greene and Greene's designs, especially after the 1908 Gamble House, made southern California a melting pot of Craftsman Bungalow styles. In fact, an area of Pasadena called Bungalow Heaven is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Do you live in a Bungalow? Add your house photo to our gallery!15of 15